Service au Sahel (SAS) organized training in Moussoro in coordination with the Representative of the Ministry of Health, Dr. Amboulmato Hormo. The training was led by two volunteer doctors who came to Moussoro from N’Djamena.
Neonatal resuscitation at the Urban Health Center
According to the World Health Organization, “Sub-Saharan Africa had the highest neonatal mortality rate in 2020 at 27 (25–32) deaths per 1000 live births.” Chad’s neonatal mortality rate is 32.81 deaths per 1000 live births, which is the 10th highest in the world according to the World Health Organization’s Global Health Observatory.
The first part of the training was done on 15 June 2022 at the Urban Health Center in Moussoro.
The morning began with a visit of the Health Center, including the admitting room, the labor room, the delivery room, as well as the laboratory. Then training on neonatal resuscitation was given to six nurses and midwives.
The goal of this part of the training was to prepare the nurses and midwives to better respond to a newborn who was having trouble breathing.
Instruction was given and then the participants were able to practice resuscitation using an inflatable simulator called NeoNatalie that resembles a newborn baby.
Training at the Moussoro Provincial Hospital
Two days of training, 16-17 June 2022, were given at the Provincial Hospital in Moussoro. Sixteen participants, a combination of doctors, nurses, midwives, and health aides were trained on three subjects: prevention and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage, neonatal resuscitation, and improved charting using the partograph.
Module 1: Prevention and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage
The WHO says that “Most maternal deaths are preventable, as the health-care solutions to prevent or manage complications are well known.” The leading cause of maternal death is “Severe bleeding after birth also called postpartum haemorrhage”, which “can kill a healthy woman within hours if she is unattended.”
Chad has a maternal mortality rate of 1140 deaths per 100,000 live births, which is the 2nd highest in the world. The World Health Organization has a Sustainable Development Goal to reduce the global maternal mortality rate to less than 70 deaths per 100,000 live births.
The “Bleeding After Birth Complete 2.0” program from Helping Mothers Survive, a program of Jhpiego, was used for the training.
The training showed healthcare providers how to identify the causes of heavy bleeding and manage each one correctly. Charts were used which helped identify the steps to take for routine care and advanced care. Focus was given to rapid response in emergencies, requiring the assistance of other staff members.
Module 2: Refresher course on neonatal resuscitation
A refresher module was given on neonatal resuscitation. Like the training at the Urban Health Center, the training helped the healthcare providers know how to respond to a newborn who was having trouble breathing.
Module 3: Improved charting using the partograph
Médecins sans Frontières defines the partograph as “a tool for monitoring maternal and foetal wellbeing during the active phase of labour, and a decision-making aid when abnormalities are detected. It is designed to be used at any level of care.”
The provincial hospital wanted to improve their use of the partograph in the maternity. Trainees were shown how to chart labor and delivery. They were taught how to recognize the signs for alert and the signs for action. Using a hypothetical scenario, they practiced using the partograph for charting.
With an estimated population of 349,000 people in the Bahr el Gazel, the Provincial Hospital and Urban Health Center are two of the most used healthcare structures in the province.
The 16 healthcare providers who completed the training at the hospital received certificates at the end of the training. In addition, the two doctors who gave the training each received a certificate from the Health Representative recognizing their contribution.
The association Service au Sahel is proud to have helped organize this training to reduce neonatal and maternal mortality in Moussoro and the Bahr el Gazel. Additional training in Moussoro in 2022 will be discussed in collaboration with our local partners.